The U.S. EB-5 immigrant investor visa programme was created in 1990 by the Immigration Act of 1990 to create jobs and attract capital. In 1993, congress enacted the Appropriations Act, which amended the EB-5 programme and created a "Pilot Programme" targeting low-employment areas.
Since 1993, applicants are allowed to invest via regional centres half the intended sum. In turn, regional centres bear the burden to invest the funds in a low-employment area and to create a minimum of 10 jobs.
Main applicants are entitled to bring their spouse and their unmarried children under the age of 21 to the U.S.